Chinese calligraphy, inventions, and discovery

Chinese vocabulary consists of forty-four thousand characters. It was believed Chinese writing was invented by Tsang Chieh who was inspired by claw marks of birds and footprint of animals. The earliest known Chinese writing,’chiaku-wen’ or “bone-and-shell” script (1800-1200 BCE), was pictographic found on tortoise shell and large animal’s shoulder’s bone in order for the living to communicate with the dead. The next stage of Chinese writing was ‘chin-wen’ or “Bronze” script found on multiple objects from food and water vessels to weapons. Chinese calligraphy was developed in different styles until it was unified by Emperor Shih Huang Ti (259-210 BCE), who ordered the construction of the Great Wall of China. Next, Li-Shu, “clerical” style, has more straight and angular strokes and was much more simplified. Kai-shu, or “regular” style where very strokes, dots, line, style, and nuance is controlled by the calligrapher, is the final step of evolution in Chinese calligraphy and is still in use for two thousand years.

http://carolynvee.blogspot.ca/2013/11/what-is-graphic-design.html
Pictograph
http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/visual-communications-test-2/deck/4137241
Chin-wen or “Bronze” script
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clerical_script
Li-Shu table
http://art-virtue.com/styles/kai/index.htm
Kai-Shu

Before paper was made, the Chinese used to write on bamboo slates or wooden strips. However, bamboo slates were too heavy and woven silk cloth, when it was invented, was too expensive. Therefore, paper, made of mulberry bark, hemp fishnets, and rags, was invented by high governmental official Ts’ai Lun, who was deified as the god of the papermakers. Other than writing, paper was also used as wrapping paper, wallpaper, toilet paper, and napkins.

Printing was also invented by the Chinese. The first form of printing was believed to be from relief printing from engraved seals, called chops during the Han dynasty (third century CE),to make identification imprints. Another possibility of the invention of printing is from ink rubbing from inscriptions carved in stone carved which resemble relief woodblock printing plates.

http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/influence-of-technology-on-graphic-design/deck/1186031
Chinese Chop

Movable type was invented by Chinese alchemist Pi Sheng (1023-63) around 1045CE where they were made by a mixture of clay and glue. The “lazy Susan” was also invented in order to solve the problem storing more than forty-four thousand Chinese characters. However, even with the “lazy Susan”, the movable types were not popular in the East compared to the West where the alphabet only consists of 26 letters.

https://www.google.ca/search?q=26+alphabet+letter&client=firefox-a&hs=fPx&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&channel=sb&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=cnQeVOy2CsrboASr0IG4Aw&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAQ&biw=1600&bih=789#rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&channel=sb&tbm=isch&q=Movable+type+chinese&facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=7uUoYoZWeyM68M%253A%3BBT0KI3D_xfa7FM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fidsgn.org%252Fimages%252Fthe-end-of-movable-type-in-china%252Flead-type__full.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fidsgn.org%252Fposts%252Fthe-end-of-movable-type-in-china%252F%3B980%3B582
Chinese movable types
http://www.studyblue.com/notes/note/n/exam-1/deck/1199777
The “lazy Susan” table (woodblock image)
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s